Копья гоплитов времён архаики
Отправлено 22/6/2013 19:00 (#128328 - в ответ на #128325)
Тема: Re: Втоки из музея Метрополитен


Сообщений: 8377
Местонахождение: Россия, Уфа
Как я и думал, поступили от частных лиц.

518. Spear Butt
61.261.3; purchase; Rogers Fund, 1961
Bronze; length 35.7 cm

519. Spear Butt
64.4.3; Gift of Alfred Wolkenberg, 1964
Bronze; length 52.7 cm

These two fairly heavy objects are square in section for most of their length and taper to a dull point. Both have a grooved round socket ornamented with raised studs; No. 518 has an additional stud on each of the square sides, and No. 519 has geometric decoration on its socket. A pair of holes in the socket of each served to secure the object to a wood shaft.
At first viewing one might be inclined to accept these objects as four-sided spears or javelins of the kind known from excavations in Ur, Assur, and Carchemish, and as strays, some of which bear inscriptions (Herzfeld 1968, 30f.; Calmeyer 1969a, 36f.; Dossin 1962, 154ff., pl. XXI, no. 10: considered to have a modern inscription; Moorey 1971a, 30), and dated to the late third millennium b.c. However, all these examples have a solid tang, while the sockets of Nos. 518 and 519 are round and hollow. This indicates that these objects are in fact spear butts (personal communication Helmut Nickel). To my knowledge few have been excavated. A few of socketed type are known from Anatolia (Przeworski 1939, pl. iv:4; Boehmer 1972, 75, pls. XII, XIII: 201, 208) but they are simpler and smaller than ours (cf. a Greek example, Nickel 1969, 20). For strays of the present type, see Calmeyer 1974a, nos. 53-55.
On the basis of our current knowledge, it is not possible either to date or to attribute Nos. 518 and 519 to a specific cultural region; the vendors claimed they came from Iran.

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