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Шлем из Костола, вопрос
Модераторы: Дмитрий, Клим

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Ильдар
Отправлено 10/7/2014 23:08 (#132927 - в ответ на #132926)
Тема: RE: Шлем из Костола, вопрос



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Yuriy - 10/7/2014 20:09
С мнением Робинсона, к сожалению, не знаком.


По Робинсону - бронза, и происходит из Семендрии (Смедерево, Сербия). Вот тут кое-что обсуждали.

One helmet in this group - one generally classified as Roman - would appear on close inspection, and in comparison with all the other variations covering the first to third century A.D., to be an alien. This is the example from Semendria in Yugoslavia7 and now in the Belgrade Museum (type A). Whereas all the others with complete masks have stylised classical faces the Semendria mask has the quality of a Greek sculptured portrait, with a delicately embossed and engraved beard, moustache and eyebrows (plate 309). The skull-cap, to which the mask is hinged at the brow, is in the form of a naturalistic wig; and the mask and head together have the appearance of a Hellenistic Greek head rather than a Roman one.
A series of holes pierced around the lower rim of the mask and across the back of the skull-piece suggest the attachment of linings -a detail not known on helmets of Roman origin. There are the remains of bronze brackets riveted to the centre of the skull for the attachment of a crest, but these also do not conform with known Roman models. {107}

It is my opinion that the Semendria helmet is Hellenistic Greek in origin and belongs to the same group as the masked helmet portrayed on the Pergamum reliefs at Berlin. Perhaps one can therefore begin to consider this example as a true predecessor of the Roman masked helmet - which, like many other Roman copies of Greek art, never quite attained the quality of the original. {108}

Cavalry Sports A
Only one helmet of this type survives and it is possibly Hellenistic Greek or Republican Roman. It is included here as a prototype, for it differs considerably from all known Roman masked helmets. It has a shallow skull that reaches just below the tips of the ears at the back; it has no projecting ear-guards; and the lower rim of both skull and mask is pierced for the attachment of a lining. The wide eye-holes terminate with flanges representing the eyelids.
The face and hair are treated in an extremely naturalistic manner, in no way resembling the stylised classical form to be seen in all other known examples. It is, in my opinion, an outstanding work of art and the product of an artist who had probably been trained as a sculptor specialising in portraiture.
Plate 309 does not clearly show the overlap of the skull-piece over the mask, but the edge follows the line of the hair where it curls in across the brow. {112}

Plate 309: Bronze helmet of Cavalry Sports type A, 1st century B.C. From Semendria; Archaeological Museum, Belgrade. {113}

_______________________
7. Post, Paul, 'Der kupferne Spangenhelm', Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 1951-1953, 1954, pp. 117-18, Abb. 2.





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