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Случайная цитата: «Никогда не будет ни прочной, ни долговечной та власть, которая опирается на наемное войско» - Никколо Макиавелли
- (Добавлено: Rexus)


Македонский пехотинец
Модераторы: Дмитрий, Клим

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DonRumata
Отправлено 23/9/2014 00:35 (#133405 - в ответ на #133404)
Тема: Re: Македонский пехотинец



Comes

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Необязательно выдергивать несколько предложений из контекста, целиком это выглядит так:

"Regarding infantry footwear, Xenophon describes Greek mercenaries with
boots the straps of which froze to feet during long marches in terrain with deep
snow- cover. He refers to soldiers having to make do with crudely made moccasins
stitched from freshly flayed hide when their old shoes wore away.' " Besides this,
hundreds o f ‘bone buttons’, probable eyelets for ‘running sandals’, were retrieved
from the Greek mass burial at Chaeronea, which may be the resting place of the
Theban Sacred Band. It reveals that these men literally died with their boots
on.

Although the evidence from Chaeronea proves that some infantry wore
footwear during combat, surviving art usually testifies to barefoot Мacedonian
infantry-men. After all, there were definite practical reasons for boots to be left
off. In essence, the phalanx formation relied on its speed and physical impact to
come to grips with a startled enemy on the battlefield, and modern reenactors
have discovered that bare feet give improved physical control and balance in
combat. A preserved pair of Etruscan sandals weighs 0.67kg. It is clear that had
the pezhetairoi worn krepides in combination with greaves, leg movements would
have over time become laboured, with mobility- impaired. Footwear was hence
unnecessary- impedimenta during a speedy charge or engagement.

Xenophon opined that soldiers who were frequently on campaign had ‘feet
case-hardened by constant training, and, when tramping over rough ground,
must differ from the uninitiated to the sound man from the lame. Analyses of
Roman gladiator remains unearthed from grave plots in Ephesus and examined
by forensic anthropologists at the University of Vienna show a significantly
higher than normal bone density in the feet, indicating strength gained through
intense training and fighting without footwear. Incidentally, to this day going
barefoot is sometimes approved as an effective form of infantry- training. Modern
long distance runners and ramblers report a number of health benefits including
stronger tendons and muscles in the ankles, feet and legs, more traction in muddyground
and nimble movements.

It is, however, rash to suppose that the pezhetairoi never wore footwear under
any circumstance whatever. We should recall Pliny, who said krepides were used
for marching. Also, four out of sixteen Macedonian infantry- sculptures on the
.Alexander Sarcophagus whose feet can be viewed wear krepides in the action
scenes. Of the overall total, six are heroically nude, so it is no surprise to see
them with bare feet. On balance, we are justified in proposing that Alexander’s
infantry had occasion to wear krepides for lengthy marches, but would often take
them off for improved agility in battle. This practice was not unknown in
antiquity, as evidence from New Kingdom Egypt suggests that soldiers wore
sandals on the march, but shed them before combat." [Karunanithy, 2013, p. 114 - 115].

Т.е. в сухом остатке опять все тот же сидонский саркофаг, и аналогии с гладиаторами (бившимися на песочке арены) и египтянами. Реконструкторы непонятно где сражались босыми, м.б. тоже на песочке, никаких подробностей нет. Кроме того, приведенный выше самим же автором пример с похороненными в обуви (т.е. в том, в чем сражались) фиванцами Священного отряда, павшими при Херонее, как бы не усиливает доказательную базу боевой босоногости. Отсылка к ужасно тяжелым этрусским башмакам общим весом 670 г. тоже неубедительна. Если к весу кнемид воины привыкали, то в чем проблема привыкнуть еще к 330 г. на каждой ноге? Тем более, не факт, что македонские башмаки весили также, м.б. они были легче.

Отредактировал DonRumata 23/9/2014 01:04
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